In line with our ecology-based production processes, we have recently published an opinion paper on how to direct carbohydrates toward ethanol using mesophilic fermentative microbial communities.
The paper is open access, so enjoy the read, where ever you are.
Using the right design criteria in the fermentation stage, more than 80% of the theoretical yield of ethanol on carbohydrate can be realised. Using the example of kitchen waste generated in the European Union as a feedstock, this process could generate 86% of the bioethanol market in 2019. Also it will generate electricity for approximately 9.3 million European households (5% of the total households). As kitchen waste has a negative value, in urban areas with high waste generation per square km, competitive business cases can arise.